Patty (1918-...) Patty Berg an American golfer, became the top
tournament winner in the history of women's golf. From 1935
through 1964, she won 83 tourneys. Berg helped found the Ladies
Professional Golf Association (LPGA) in 1950 and served as its
first president. She was elected to the American Golf Hall of Fame
Patricia Jane Berg was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota. In 1935, at
the age of 17, she finished second in the United States Women's
Amateur. She won this tournament in 1938. Berg became a
professional golfer in 1940. In 1946, she won the first U.S.
Women's Open ever held.
Bobby (1902-1971) Bobby Jones, an American golfer, was
one of the greatest players in the history of the sport. In 1930,
Jones became the only player ever to win the United States Open,
the British Open, the United States Amateur, and the British
Amateur tournaments in one year. These were the world's four major
golf events at that time. After completing this "Grand
Slam," Jones retired from tournament play at the age of 28.
Between 1923 and 1930, Jones won 13
major titles. In addition to his Grand Slam, he won the U.S. Open
in 1923, 1926, and 1929; the British Open in 1926 and 1927; and
the U.S. Amateur in 1924, 1925, 1927, and 1928.
Jones was born in Atlanta, Ga. His
full name was Robert Tyre Jones, Jr. After his retirement, Jones
and banker Clifford Roberts founded the Augusta National Golf Club
in Augusta, Ga. In 1934, Jones and Roberts established an annual
tournament for the course that was later called the Masters. The
Masters is now one of golf's major championships.
Didrikson (1911?-1956) Babe
Didrikson Zaharias is generally considered the greatest woman
athlete in sports history. She gained her most enduring fame in
golf and track and field, but she also competed in basketball,
baseball, pocket billiards, tennis, diving, and swimming. In a
1932 track and field meet, she set four world records in three
the 1932 Olympic Games, she set world records in the 80-meter
hurdles, the javelin throw, and the high jump.
Didrikson began concentrating on
golf in the early 1930's. Her style of play dramatically changed
women's golf. Her powerful swing, low scores, and showmanship
attracted many new fans to women's golf. Didrikson won the U.S.
Women's Amateur tournament in 1946. In 1946 and 1947, she won 17
tournaments in a row, including the 1947 British Women's Amateur
tournament. She became the first American to win this event.
Didrikson turned professional in 1947. She was one of the founders
of the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA). She won the
U.S. Women's Open in 1948, 1950, and 1954. The 1954 victory came a
year after she had cancer surgery.
Mildred Ella Didrikson was born in
Port Arthur, Texas. She was nicknamed Babe after baseball slugger
Babe Ruth because of the many home runs she hit playing baseball
as a child. She married George Zaharias, a wrestler, in 1938.
Walter (1892-1969) Walter
Hagen was a great golfer and the player most responsible for
elevating professional golf into a major sport. Hagen's insistence
on first-class treatment at tournaments raised the stature of
professional golfers during a time when amateur players dominated
the game. His popularity greatly contributed to making golf a
Hagen's skill as a player combined
with his showmanship and colorful lifestyle to make him golf's
first celebrity. Hagen sometimes arrived for a match in a
chauffeur-driven limousine and wearing a tuxedo. He was the first
golfer to earn more than a million dollars in tournaments and
exhibitions and the first player to market golf equipment bearing
Walter Charles Hagen was born in
Rochester, N.Y. Between 1914 and 1929, he won 11 major
tournaments. He won the United States Open in 1914 and 1919; the
British Open in 1922, 1924, 1928, and 1929; and the Professional
Golfers' Association (PGA) tournament in 1921, 1924, 1925, 1926,
Ben (1912-1997) Ben
Hogan, an American golfer, was one of the greatest players in the
history of the sport. Hogan won more than 60 tournaments,
including the United States Open four times, the Professional
Golfers' Association (PGA) tournament twice, the Masters twice,
and the British Open once.
In 1949, a bus struck the car Hogan
was driving. The collision fractured his left collarbone, left
ankle, pelvis, and a rib. Hogan barely survived the injuries.
Doctors feared he might not be able to walk again, much less play
golf. Yet, just 17 months after the accident, Hogan won the 1950
U.S. Open. He played the tournament with his legs wrapped in
Hogan was born in Dublin, Tex. His
full name is William Benjamin Hogan. He became famous for his
determination to perfect his swing through hours of practice.
Hogan was one of the smallest golf champions, weighing only 135
pounds (61.2 kilograms).
Nancy (1957-...) Nancy Lopez became one of the
greatest and most popular players in the history of women's golf.
Her exciting game and warm personality made Lopez a crowd favorite
from the start of her career. Her skill and popularity raised
women's professional golf to greater prominence.
In 1978, her first full year as a professional, she won nine
tournaments, five in succession. She won eight tournaments in
Lopez was born in Torrance, California, and raised in Roswell, New
Mexico. She began learning golf from her father, an amateur
player. She won the New Mexico Women's Amateur title at the age of
12. Lopez joined the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA)
in 1977. She won Player of the Year honors several times. After
gaining the 35th victory of her career in 1987, Lopez was inducted
into the LPGA's Hall of Fame. In 1982, she married major league
baseball player Ray Knight.
Jack (1940-...) Jack Nicklaus, an American
golfer, ranks among the greatest players in the history of the
sport. Nicklaus was the first player to win all four of golf's
major titles at least twice. He won the British Open in 1966,
1970, and 1978; the U.S. Open in 1962, 1967, 1972, and 1980; the
Masters tournament in 1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, and 1986; and
the Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) tournament in 1963,
1971, 1973, 1975, and 1980. He also won the United States Amateur
tournament in 1959
and 1961 before turning professional.
Jack William Nicklaus was born in
Columbus, Ohio. He was nicknamed the "Golden Bear" for
his blond hair. His first professional tournament victory came in
1962 when he defeated Arnold Palmer in a playoff for the 1962 U.S.
Open championship. Nicklaus has also designed a number of golf
Arnold (1929-...) Arnold
Palmer, American golfer, became one of the greatest and most
popular players in the history of the
sport. Palmer was the first player to win the Masters tournament
four times--in 1958, 1960, 1962, and 1964. Palmer's appealing
personality and bold playing style helped to greatly increase the
popularity of golf. Throughout his career, Palmer has attracted a
huge crowd of supporters called "Arnie's Army" at
tournaments. His charisma also was largely responsible for making
golf a popular television sport.
Arnold Daniel Palmer was born in
Latrobe, Pennsylvania. Palmer turned professional after winning
the United States Amateur tournament in 1954. He won the U.S.
Openin 1960 and the British Open in 1961 and 1962.
Nick (1957-...) Nick Price is a successful South
African professional golfer. Price has won three major golf
championships, the PGA Championship in 1992 and 1994 and the
British Open in 1994.
Nicholas Raymond Leige Price was born in Durban, South Africa. He
began his golf career at the age of 8 as a caddie for his brother.
Price started playing amateur tournament golf as a teen-ager and
became a professional golfer in 1977.
Sam (1912-...) Sam
Snead won more tournaments than any other American golfer. From
1936 to 1965, Snead won a record 84 tournaments sanctioned by the
Professional Golfers' Association, and he has claimed a total of
165 tournament victories. He became known as "Slammin'
Sammy" for his powerful drives and naturally smooth swing.
Snead won the Professional Golfers'
Association (PGA) championship in 1942, 1949, and 1951 and the
Masters tournament in 1949, 1952, and 1954. He won the British
Open in 1946. Snead finished second in the United States Open four
times. In 1965, he won the Greensboro Open, becoming the oldest
man ever to win a regular PGA tournament.
Samuel Jackson Snead was born in
Ashwood, Va., near Hot Springs. He turned professional in 1934 and
won his first important tournament, the Oakland Open, in 1937. In
1980, he joined the PGA senior tour, limited to golfers at least
50 years of age.
Lee (1939-...) Lee
Trevino is an American golfer. Few people had heard of Trevino
before he won the U.S. Open in 1968. But he soon gained fame as
one of the most colorful and popular figures in sports. During
tournaments, Trevino often joked with his many followers, who
became known as "Lee's Fleas."
In 1971, Trevino accomplished one
of the most remarkable winning streaks in golf history. Within 16
weeks that year, he won five tournaments and finished among the
top five money winners in four other tourneys. Trevino also won
the U.S. Open in 1971, the British Open in 1971 and 1972, and the
Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) Championship in 1974 and
1984. Lee Buck Trevino was born in Dallas, Texas.
Eldrick (Tiger) (1975-...) Tiger
Woods (1975-...), an American golfer, created a sensation in the
sports world with his brilliant play. In 2001, Woods won the 65th
Masters Tournament at the Augusta National Golf Course in Georgia,
becoming the only golfer in history to hold the four major
professional championship titles at the same time. In 2000, Woods
won golf's three other major tournaments -- the U.S. Open, the
British Open, and the PGA Championship.
Woods won the British Open in 2000
with a record 19 under par, completing a career Grand Slam. The
Grand Slam of golf consists of, in order of play, the Masters
Tournament, the United States Open, the British Open, and the
Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) Championship. Woods is the
youngest golfer to complete a Grand Slam. The only other golfers
to accomplish such a feat are Jack
Nicklaus at age 26, Gary Player at 29, Gene Sarazen at 33, and Ben
Hogan at 40. Woods won the 1997 Masters Tournament at the age of
21. He became the youngest golfer and the first with African
American heritage to win the Masters. Woods set a record by
playing the 72 holes of the tournament in 18 strokes under par. He
also won the PGA Championship in 1999 and 2000. Woods won the 2000
U.S. Open by 15 strokes, the largest margin of victory in the Open
and any other major championship. Woods is especially known for
his long, accurate drives, but he has also gained praise for his
complete game as well as his composure and his competitive
Woods first gained attention as an
amateur golfer. He won the U.S. Junior Amateur Championship in
1991, 1992, and 1993. He also won the U.S. Amateur Championship in
1994, 1995, and 1996. He won the Division I men's title in the
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Championships in
1996 while attending Stanford University. Woods turned
professional in 1996 and won two tournaments as a pro in that
Woods was born in Cypress,
California. His given name is Eldrick Woods. His father named him
"Tiger" after an Army buddy. Woods had a great impact on
golf internationally because of his diverse ethnic background,
which is African American, American Indian, Chinese, European, and